Measurement of Ocean pH. Part 1

Why is an inexpensive potentiometric glass electrode instrument so accurate in the measurement of pH, and why are derived pH values and spectrophotometric instruments* so costly and opaque? I think i...

The Ozone Layer and QG Circulation

I’ve produced an update to the below post here as of 30 Sept. 2017:  The Ozone Holes from Naturally Circulating Atmospheric Halides. In my ongoing comparisons of QG circulation patterns with v...