The Intertropical Convergence and Divergence Zones

The conventional narrative of Hadley-Walker circulation asserts that the atmospheric circulation converges more or less uniformly from mid latitude  winds which are primarily directed eastward, towar...

Measurement of Ocean pH. Part 1

Why is an inexpensive potentiometric glass electrode instrument so accurate in the measurement of pH, and why are derived pH values and spectrophotometric instruments* so costly and opaque? I think i...

Volcanism, Climate and Geostrophic Circulation

I will address this topic based on my atmospheric circulation research along with my past contributions in aspects of probabilistic volcanic hazard analyses (PVHA)* and the modeling of atmospheric tr...